Exploring Different Strains and Varieties of Medical Cannabis

As the world of medical cannabis is gradually expanding in Australia, many people are discovering the benefits every day. Though it is known to us that medical cannabis helps ease discomfort for various conditions, not everyone is aware that there are several types and strains of medical marijuana, and each serves specific purposes.

Medical marijuana has a range of varieties and strains, and as growers, we know these terms are mainly used together and sometimes get a bit confusing. As these significant groups serve different purposes, it is crucial to understand the differences. So, in this article, we will clear our doubts about various medical cannabis varieties and strains while learning about the contrasts between these.

Understanding Cannabis: Differentiating Types and Strains

In the medical cannabis cultivation field, it's essential to know that types and strains of cannabis aren't the same. The cannabis plants that we cultivate have specific usage, separate growing procedures and qualities to offer.

Cannabis Types:

Types of cannabis include the main divisions or variations of the cannabis plant. Three primary categories of cannabis are identified based on their unique features:

  • Indica: The cannabis type, Indica, has a shorter and bushier appearance, with broader leaves. It has an earlier flowering cycle and is suitable for indoor cultivation. Indica strains are known for their relaxing and body-soothing effects. It could be an ideal option for evening or night-time use.
  • Sativa: Sativa strains have narrow leaves and are known for their tall and slim look. It usually grows tall and takes more time to flower. Sativa strains can be considered a good choice for daytime use as they provide energizing and mind-focused effects.
  • Hybrid: Hybrids come from blending Sativa and Indica plants, cultivated for their unique effects. Usually, hybrids are grown to boost THC levels, but this can vary based on the intended use. Their classification as Indica-dominant, Sativa-dominant, or balanced depends on the THC-CBD ratio. 

Cannabis Strains:

In contrast to cannabis types, strains are particular varieties or cultivars within a kind of cannabis. Each strain has its own mix of cannabinoid and terpene profiles, affecting how it feels, smells, and tastes. Strains are made through careful breeding, where cannabis growers cross different parent plants with desirable traits, creating offspring with specific characteristics. Think of a strain as a distinct personality within a category of cannabis, showcasing unique features and appearance. For example, Blue Dream is a strain of Sativa, and Granddaddy Purple is a strain of type Indica.

Why is knowing the differences mandatory for a cultivator?

A deep understanding of the differences between various types, strains, and categories in the cannabis world empowers medical cultivators. This knowledge helps create high-quality, reliable, and effective products tailored to the diverse needs of patients seeking relief. The significant role of this contribution shapes the overall success and lasting sustainability of the medical cannabis industry, ensuring a flexible and responsive system. As a grower of medical cannabis, here is a list of aspects that vary for us depending on the diversities of the cannabis-

Environmental Conditions:

Growing medical cannabis depends on the strain's genes, which affect its environmental needs. Indica, Sativa, and Hybrid types may prefer different conditions like temperature, humidity, and light. Knowing these differences helps us, as cultivators, to create specific environments that boost growth and overall plant health.

Cannabinoid and Terpene Profiles:

Different types of cannabis have various combinations of compounds that affect their medicinal properties. Some have more THC, which is good for intense pain relief, while others with higher CBD are better for reducing inflammation. We growers need to understand these differences to meet specific medical needs.

Growth Patterns:

Cannabis plants have different heights, leaf structures, and overall looks depending on the strain. Knowing these growth patterns is vital for using space well in cultivation facilities. It also helps plan and use effective pruning and training methods for better yields.

Harvest Window:

The time to flower differs depending on the cannabis type; some are quicker, and others take longer. When the growers know about the cannabis type, they can make an idea about the flowering period and harvest effectively. Also, understanding the best time to harvest each type is important for getting the desired strength, flavour, and overall quality, ensuring the best results for medical cannabis users.

A list of Useful and Popular Cannabis Strains-

1. Northern Lights:

Known for its relaxing qualities, the Northern Lights strain is a popular choice in the Indica category. Created by combining Thai and Afghani varieties, this strain is praised for bringing a deep sense of calm, making it a favourite among those looking for a peaceful break and better sleep. Users often highlight its effectiveness in calming both the body and the mind, creating a state of profound rest. The soothing impact of this strain is due to its moderate to high THC content.

  • THC: Ranges from 16-22 percent.
  • CBD: typically low.

2. Purple Sunset:

It is known for its relaxing and calming effects. It's a popular choice for those looking to unwind after a long day. Thanks to the plant's natural pigments, the name reflects its vibrant purple colour. People often mention feeling a soothing body high and a calm mental state when using Purple Sunset.

  • THC: Generally falls within the range of 18-24 percent.
  • CBD: often below 1 percent.

3. L.A. Confidential:

This indica strain is a great choice for those who are new to cannabis, thanks to its slightly lower THC content. Renowned for inducing a calming and relaxing experience, it also brings a euphoria.

  • THC: 17–25 percent

4. Sour Diesel:

Sour Diesel is a popular Sativa strain known for its strong and uplifting effects. People like its distinct diesel-like smell with hints of citrus and earthiness. Users often talk about feeling more alert and happier when using Sour Diesel, especially during the day. It's also known for helping with focus, sparking creativity, and bringing a sense of joy.

  • THC: Typically ranges from 20-25 percent.
  • CBD: Generally low, often below 1 percent.

5. Super Silver Haze:

Known as a classic Sativa strain, Super Silva Haze is renowned for its refreshing and uplifting effects. Born from the genetic blend of Northern Lights, Haze, and Skunk No.1, it boasts a rich and intricate lineage. After indulging in this strain, users frequently report experiencing heightened creativity, intense focus, and euphoria.

  • THC: From 18-23 percent.
  • CBD: Low

6. Maui Waui

This well-known sativa strain is loved for its tropical and fruity taste. It's famous for providing an energetic and uplifting high, making it a top choice for daytime use. This strain captures the island vibe from Hawaii, giving users a happy and creative experience. Maui Waui is often linked with relieving stress and creating an overall positive, feel-good sensation.

  • THC: Falls between 13-19 percent.

7. Skywalker O.G.:

It is a solid Indica-dominant hybrid strain known for its calming and euphoric effects. It's often suggested for evening or night-time use because it can help you relieve stress. The strain inherits traits from its parent strains, Skywalker and OG Kush, combining the best of both. Users frequently say it brings a blissful sense of relaxation and relieves physical and mental tension.

  • THC: Ranges between 20-30 percent.

8. Blue Dream

Blue Dream is a popular sativa-dominant hybrid known for its balanced effects. Users often talk about a mild and uplifting head high with a relaxed body feeling. The strain's name reflects its dreamy and euphoric qualities. Blue Dream is famous for its sweet berry smell and taste, adding to a pleasant and easy-going smoking experience.

  • THC: From 17-24 percent.
  • CBD: Varies but often below 1 percent


In conclusion, succeeding in the world of medical cannabis cultivation requires a well-thought-out approach. As growers navigate through various strains, it's crucial to understand the differences in what they need for the environment, their chemical profiles, how they grow, and what makes them vulnerable. Cultivators are key in customizing strains for specific medical needs, and with that comes Zion Botanics, which stands out as a trusted medical cannabis grower and supplier in Australia. In the pursuit of excellence, Zion Botanics is committed to delivering high-quality medical marijuana through innovative cultivation practices for patients in every need.